Australian Landmarks and Attractions
On this page we have provided you with a comprehensive guide Australia's most famous landmarks and attractions. If you have ever wondered what to do in Australia, look no further. The Australian attractions on this page are very popular things to do in Australia and include both natural and man made features. To make it quicker and easier for you to navigate to the information that you need, we have arranged these Australian landmarks and attractions in alphabetical order, and we have created the links below that will take you directly to the Australian landmark that you are looking for.
Australian War Memorial
The Australian War Memorial is Australia's national memorial to those Australians who have made the ultimate sacrifice. The Memorial's purpose is to "commemorate the sacrifice of those Australians who have died in war", and it's mission is "to assist Australians to remember, interpret and understand the Australian experience of war and its enduring impact on Australian society". The Australian War Memorial is a National Heritage Listed Place and has been named Australia's number one landmark. Within the Memorial is a commemorative area (the shrine) which includes the Hall of Memory and the Tomb of the Unknown Australian Soldier, a world-class museum, and the Research Centre (the archives). The Memorial attracted more than 1.14 million visitors in 2015.
Here at AustraliaInfo, we believe that the Memorial is one of the Australian landmarks that should definitely be on your list of things to do in Australia. If you wish to visit this great Australian landmark, you will be pleased to know that the Memorial is open every day from 10am-5pm (excluding Christmas Day), entry is free (gold coin donation is welcome), and parking is available on site.
Lest we forget.
Bondi Beach is one of the most popular Australian landmarks and is located approximately 7-8 kilometres east of Sydney's Central Business District. Bondi Beach is approximately one kilometre long and is regularly patrolled by surf lifesavers. The beach has had a long association with Australian surf lifesaving, being home to Australia's oldest surf lifesaving club (the Bondi Life Saving Club was formed in 1906).
There are plenty of things for everyone to do at beautiful Bondi Beach. Visitors can play or relax on the sand, surf, swim, take in the natural beauty, wine and dine at the local bars and cafes, or shop for a bargain at the local street stalls and markets. If you wish to learn more about the area, you can also visit the heritage-listed Bondi Pavilion Community Centre which houses exhibitions, a tourist centre, and a marine discovery centre.
Bondi Beach is also home to a large number of events throughout the year, such as the City to Surf fun run, the Festival of the Winds kite flying festival, the New Year's Eve fireworks, and the Bondi Winter Magic Festival.
If you are wondering what to do in Australia, we highly recommend that you consider Bondi Beach, which is just 30 minutes by public transport from the city centre.
Cape Byron Lighthouse
Cape Byron Lighthouse is located at Cape Byron which is the most easterly point of Australia. Cape Byron is approximately 3km northeast of Byron Bay. Cape Byron lighthouse is still in active service, and is the brightest lighthouse in Australia. Construction of the lighthouse began in 1900, was completed in 1901, and cost approximately $2.8m Australian dollars (adjusted for inflation). The lighthouse has a range of 50 kilometres due to the use of a 1000W 120 Volt tungsten halogen lamp that has an output of 2,200,000 candela (the equivalent of 2.2 million candles!).
Cape Byron Lighthouse is certainly a well-known and popular Australian landmark - attracting more than 500,000 visitors each year. If you wish to visit the lighthouse, you will be pleased to know that the site is open from sunrise to sunset each day, and that there is paid car parking onsite. The lighthouse itself is also open to 20 minute guided tours every day between 10am - 3pm (except Christmas Day). Entry to the site is free, and the guided tours are available via gold coin donation.
Great Barrier Reef
The Great Barrier Reef is a famous Australian landmark and is World Heritage Listed. The Great Barrier Reef is composed of hundreds of types of hard and soft coral and is the largest living thing on Earth - stretching over 2000 km along the Queensland coastline. In fact, the Reef is so large that it is the only living thing on Earth that is visible from space!
The Great Barrier Reef is visually breathtaking and, as a result, has become one of the world's most sought after tourist destinations. Incredibly, more than 2 million people visit the Reef every year to enjoy activities such as snorkelling, scuba diving, tours (both air and boat), whale watching and swimming with dolphins.
Unfortunately, however, the Great Barrier Reef has been devastated by sea temperature rise. Hundreds of kilometres of the coral ecosystem has suffered from bleaching in both 2016 and 2017. The Reef also experienced mass bleaching events in 1998, 2002 and 2006 due to warm sea temperatures. Back to back bleaching events make it very hard for the Reef to recover as it typically takes around 10 years for the Reef to recover from a bleaching event.
Visiting the World Heritage Listed Great Barrier Reef is definitely one of the top rated things to do in Australia. We hope that future generations will also have the opportunity to enjoy one of the most famous Australian landmarks.
Great Ocean Road
The Great Ocean Road is Australian National Heritage listed and is one of Australia's most famous touring routes. The scenic drive is approximately 250 kilometres (155 miles) in length and showcases world class surf breaks such as Bells Beach as well as other natural wonders such as the Twelve Apostles (pictured), pristine rainforests and national parks. The Great Ocean Road is one of the Australian landmarks that we think should be on everyone's list of things to do in Australia.
The Great Ocean Road was built by returned soldiers between 1919 and 1932 and was dedicated to those soldiers who made the ultimate sacrifice during World War I. Construction of the Great Ocean Road may have been finished earlier, however in 1924 the steamboat Casino hit a reef and became stranded near Cape Patton. The Casino was forced to abandon over 150 tons of bottled and kegged beer, Christmas puddings and tobacco. Legend has it that the returned soldiers constructing the road obtained the cargo and indulged in an unscheduled good time for over a week before starting work again!
Kakadu National Park
Kakadu National Park is another Australian landmark that is World Heritage Listed and is world famous for its fauna, flora and millennia old Indigenous rock art. Kakadu National Park covers nearly 20 million square kilometres in area and is located 171km south east of Darwin. Kakadu is so large that it is nearly half the size of Switzerland and the same size as Slovenia! Kakadu is a famous Australian landmark and tourist destination due to having an amazing array of natural features including four major river systems, six major landforms, and a spectacular variety of wildlife. If you are wondering what to do in Australia, you should consider Kakadu.
Melbourne Cricket Ground
The MCG is the tenth largest stadium in the world and has a capacity of more than 100,000 people. Built in 1853, the MCG has hosted the 1956 Summer Olympics, the 2006 Commonwealth Games, and regularly hosts international cricket matches. The MCG is also the home of Australian Rules football, hosting games throughout the season (including each year's Grand Final). The MCG is considered to be one of the great Australian landmarks. Image courtesy of Alexander Sheko licenced under creative commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.0).
Sydney Harbour Bridge
The Sydney Harbour Bridge - also known as "The Coathanger" or "The Bridge" - was opened in 1932 and is recognised around the world as one of the most well-known Australian landmarks. It is the largest steel-arch bridge in the world with the top of the arch being 134 metres (440 feet) above Sydney Harbour. The Sydney Harbour Bridge is a popular tourist attraction with many activities available. For example, the bridge can be crossed by walking or cycling, there is a pylon lookout and exhibition, and for the really adventurous there is a bridge climb available.
Sydney Opera House
Sydney Opera House is UNESCO World Heritage Listed and is possibly one of the most recognisable and famous Australian landmarks. The Sydney Opera House, completed in 1973, has been internationally recognised as one of the 20th century's greatest architectural works and also as one of the most distinctive buildings in the world. The Sydney Opera House, designed by Danish architect Utzon, houses multiple performance venues, and is one of the busiest performing arts centres in the world. The Sydney Opera House is recognised as one of the top things to do in Australia.
The Three Sisters is a rock formation located in the Blue Mountains and is an easy 2 hours drive from Sydney. The Sisters were formed by land erosion and are named Meehni (922m), Wimlah (918m), and Gunnedoo (906m). The Three Sisters is recognised as a place of special cultural significance to Aboriginal people, and the Sisters watch over the land of the traditional country of the Darug, Gundungurra, Wiradjuri and Dharwal Aboriginal people.
UNESCO World Heritage listed Uluru is located in Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park in Australia's red centre and is one of the most recognisable Australian landmarks. Iconic Uluru is a very large sandstone rock - being 348 metres/1141 feet in height, and 9.4 kilometres/5.8 miles around the base. Interestingly, the vast majority of Uluru remains underground! Uluru is owned by the local Aboriginal traditional landowners, the Yankunytjatjara and Pitjantjatjara people, and is currently leased to the Australian Government under a 99-year lease. When people consider what to do in Australia, a visit to Uluru is often at the top of the list.
Wave Rock is a large, natural rock formation that looks like a giant surf wave; frozen in motion. The rock formation is approximately 14m high and 110m long. Wave Rock consists of multi-coloured granite rock that was formed approximately 2.7 billion years ago (2700 million years ago). This makes Wave Rock older than the dinosaurs! Wave Rock is located approximately 340km east of Perth.